The major winner
Published 05th October 2010 - 19 comments - 3221 views -
The first round of Brazil´s election defined Dilma Rousseff (Workers Party), with 47% and José Serra (Social Democratic Party) with 33% of votes to dispute a second round in October 31st. But the major winner, despite having only 20% of votes is Green Party´s Marina Silva.
One week before October 3rd, polls gave only 12% to the “green candidate”. But a late campaign effort made Ms Silva gain 8% more and reach to impressive 20% - due to a “third way” option mainly in biggest urban centers like São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Belo Horizonte – the three major Brazilian cities. Now, none of remaining contenders can win the election without getting at least half of Marina Silva´s votes.
And according to Spanish El Pais, “Ms Rousseff and Mr Serra will have to discuss an environmental program and a sustainable development program to Amazonia, Ms Silva hometown”.
Four weeks of intense debate are coming, and questions about civil rights, press freedom, Economics, sustainable development will arise. The 134 million who voted on first round of elections last Sunday "frustated President Lula da Silva´s dream to impose Ms Rousseff´s victory in the first round – even the most admired Brazilian President doesn´t have carte blanche”, still according El Pais.
Some key topics can define Ms Silva support choose on second round. According to the Brazilian economy newspaper DCI, “a revision of Belo Monte dam project, the maintenance of Forestry Code law text and suspension of nuclear plants projects” can be decisive to whoever will grab her 20 million votes.
Political analysts say that Marina Silva will remain neutral, but there are a strong possibility of a Green Party national convention. This convention will indicate the “green support” to Ms Rousseff or to Mr Serra. “Our idea is to force the contenders to discuss sustainable ideas” said Mr Alfredo Sirkis, Green leader.
Belo Monte dam is probably the most controversial issue on the Brazilian environment agenda. Due to the economic growth on Lula da Silva government, Brazil has a high demand for electricity. Two are the problems: the environment licensing and the dam cost - US$ 11 billions, mostly financed by Federal Government - attracted the wrath of environment movements.
In Ms Marina Silva´s platform there are topics related to energy planning, like low carbon economy, green jobs, wind and solar energy and revision of infrastructure programs in Amazonia.
Despite October 31st results, we can affirm for sure that Ms Marina Silva will play a key role on Brazil´s political future after the 2010 election.
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