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Evolutions in the history of Environment Part 2

Published 06th October 2009 - 16 comments - 37298 views -

2- Accidents

 

Here you go with some unfortunate accidents that has happened in the history of environment, which has created big losses for mankind, but also gave good lessons. I m writing these incidents down to have a brief overview of what happened, and what actions they led to.

 

1976: Seveso, Italy

This incident made world headlines when storage vessels at the ICMESA chemical plant ruptured, releasing several kilograms of the dioxin TCDD (2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin ) into the atmosphere. Tens of thousands of farm animals and pets died or were later deliberately slaughtered, though it is believed that there was not a single human death directly attributable to the incident. The event came later to be known as the Seveso disaster. Nowadays in the main contaminated area there is a park called "Bosco delle Querce" (Wood of Oaks). *

  

1978: Amoco Cadis Oil Spill.

The Amoco Cadiz was a VLCC (Very Large Crude Carrier), owned by Amoco, that split in two after running a ground on Portsall Rocks, three miles (5 km) off the coast of Brittany (France), on March 16, 1978, resulting at that time in the largest oil spill ever, currently the fifth-largest in history (though this ranking may vary depending on criteria). This event also created a big political public stunt, where many environmental activists went into the shore with their boots and jackets, and pulling birds out of the oil, enabling them to breath. After this incident, heavy restriction came to ship cargo’s. *

1979: Three Mile Island

In  1979 was a partial core meltdown in Unit 2 (a pressurized water reactor )of the Three Mile Island Nuclear Generating Station in Dauphin County, Pennsylvania near Harrisburg. It was the most significant accident in the history of the American commercial nuclear power generating industry, resulting in the release of up to 481 PBq (13 million curies) of radioactive gases, but less than 740 GBq (20 curies) of the particularly dangerous iodine.* After this event, the high popularity of nuclear reactors have dropped at an instant ( tipping point ), and all the nuclear plants started to be cancelled one by one. It was the end of nuclear expansion on West.

 

1984: Bhopal, India

 

On December 3, 1984, a Union Carbide plant in Bhopal leaked 32 tons of toxic methyl isocyanate gas, leading to the Bhopal disaster. The official death toll of the disaster was about 5,000 initially. A more probable figure is that 18,000 died within two weeks, and it is estimated that an additional 8,000 have since died from gas related diseases. Greenpeace cites a total casualty figure of 20,000 as its conservative estimate. The Bhopal disaster is often cited as the world's worst industrial disaster. December 3 is observed as black day. Every year all government offices in Bhopal remain closed on this day.* This incident showed the best example that building a plant in a poor country with the rules of a rich country is not a good idea, while different concepts and mentalities exist. This event also proved the environmental racism and classism that Western countries were doing by building such plants away from themselves.

 

  • I m not putting any pictures related to Bhopal disaster, while they are too dramatic and acrimonious in general sense.

 

 One very popular disaster

 

1986: Chernobil, Ukraine

On April 26,1986, Reactor #4 at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant near the town of Pripyat, Ukraine, exploded. The explosion took place at around one in the morning while the neighboring town of Pripyat slept. Four workers were killed instantly. Thirty-six hours later, the residents of Pripyat were ordered to evacuate. The residents never returned, and the town remains uninhabited to this day.* The worst thing about this was that Russia didn’t inform other countries, yet other countries found it out themselves with the heavy radiation clusters coming from the air. In my opinion, this incident should have been announced in the first moment it happened.

Last one is

1988: Exxon Valdez

 

Exxon Valdez was the original name of an oil tanker owned by the former Exxon Shipping Company, a division of the former Exxon Corporation. The ship gained infamy after the March 24, 1989 oil spill in which the tanker spilled an estimated minimum 10.8 million US gallons (40.9 million liters) of crude oil. This has been recorded as one of the largest spills in United States history and one of the largest ecological disasters. The court case of the fisherman still continues today.*

 

All of these accidents had large impact on people’s lives, as well as determining the present and the future of environmental politics and movements. A lot has suffered, and a lot of people have learned from them.

 

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seveso

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amoco_Cadiz

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Three_Mile_Island_accident

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bhopal#Bhopal_disaster

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chernobil

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Exxon_valdez

Category: Climate History, | Tags:



Comments

Mike on 07th October 2009:

Oh, you wan’t some history?

40 million children (and counting) are dead thanks to the ban on DDT. Go ahead, try and defend that.

And here, a prediction of the future:

4000 million will die if the world goes back to pre-industrial carbon dioxide emissions.

And here’s the kicker:

None of this is an accident. Still feeling green?

Percin on 07th October 2009:

Thanks for the enlightening Mike, if you managed to read all my posts, you will see that i m not defending anything so far, but writing whom defended what in the history. I ll put on my views in my latter blog, where you can read in the near future and put your valuable comments.

Mike on 07th October 2009:

You’re right, I took the wrong approach to your article.

I have now read all of your articles and was surprised to find that you already covered the DDT issue, with only the minor omission of 40,000,000 child deaths from preventable malaria.

That your article cites human health issues from DDT adds insult to injury (in this case death).

In reading your articles I also discovered you mention the ozone fraud and the concept of environmental “tipping points”. The ban on CFCs was absolutely unnecessary as there has never been any evidence of ozone depletion as a result of any accumulation of CFCs in the atmosphere. Even if the ozone layer didn’t exist, it would have absolutely no impact on life on the surface as it would simply be absorbed lower in the atmosphere. On top of this, ozone is both created and destroyed by radiation in the first place.

So here we have 2 shining examples of the environmental movement’s history of unnecessary death and impedement of human progress.

Surprise surprise, the environuts now want to ban HFCs, and more importantly, kill billions of people in the name of anthropogenic global warming, which just like the ozone and DDT “problems” before it, >> does not exist <<

Which side of history are you on?

Percin on 07th October 2009:

Hey Mike,

Thanks for your views and arguments again, its obvious that you read a lot and very much into this matter.

As i said, right now, i m not on any side, especially i dont intend to take any side in history, but i ll put my own view when i talk about the future of environmental issues.

If you would like to share more opinions and talk further, you can send me your e-mail address.

Mike on 07th October 2009:

Your flattery does not amuse me. Forgive me if I cannot speak nonchalantly on such a polarising issue.

Percin on 07th October 2009:

I m not flattering you, but your brave approach, defending your ideas. Thats why i m asking you to talk further on this issue by mail, but if you wish to remain anonymous and hidden, its up to you. But then donĀ“t spam me anymore.

Mike on 07th October 2009:

From flattery to spam? smile

I promise I’ll only post my brave ideas to your articles from now on.

Athena Arsalidou on 08th October 2009:

Hi Percin. This is a very useful summary, giving a general idea of some incidents which remained in history. Will there be a part 3 of more recent accidents?

Percin on 08th October 2009:

Hey Athena,

No, i just wanted to give an overview of the most known incidents, in my next blog i ll touch another point.

Yours,

Kadri on 08th October 2009:

I have small question to Mike: is it possible to get some links, references to scientific work supporting your statements? I would really like to read them, as I’m suprised that you for example find banning DDT as a bad thing. As far as I know it, using DDT also killed a lot of people, not to mention polluting soil, water etc for decades. If you have other kind of data, I would like to read it.

Mike on 08th October 2009:

50,000,000 deaths is not a bad thing?

http://junkscience.com/ddtfaq.html

The ozone fraud:

http://junkscience.com/Ozone/ozone_seasonal.html

My favourite site for everything global warming:

http://nov55.com/gbwm.html

Have fun reading.

Daniel on 18th October 2009:

Your “number” of 40 million children ead due to something that did not happen is propaganda, Mike.

It is awesome that you want to increase efforts to eradicate malaria, why not try something less harmful to humans and environment than DDT?

Paul Montariol on 11th December 2009:

I hope to have the chance to teach you something:
You know that very often, the great technological accidents occur towards 4:00 of the morning.
There is a physiological reason with this fact: our brain passes by one transitional period and we are not as well as possible of our form at this hour there.
I invite you to check this information.
I believe that it is the same thing with the road accidents.
In all the cases if you drive during the night, you can stop between 3:00 and 5:00!

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