Evolutions in the history of Environment Part 2
Published 06th October 2009 - 16 comments - 37298 views -
Here you go with some unfortunate accidents that has happened in the history of environment, which has created big losses for mankind, but also gave good lessons. I m writing these incidents down to have a brief overview of what happened, and what actions they led to.
1976: Seveso, Italy
This incident made world headlines when storage vessels at the ICMESA chemical plant ruptured, releasing several kilograms of the dioxin TCDD (2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin ) into the atmosphere. Tens of thousands of farm animals and pets died or were later deliberately slaughtered, though it is believed that there was not a single human death directly attributable to the incident. The event came later to be known as the Seveso disaster. Nowadays in the main contaminated area there is a park called "Bosco delle Querce" (Wood of Oaks). *
1978: Amoco Cadis Oil Spill.
The Amoco Cadiz was a VLCC (Very Large Crude Carrier), owned by Amoco, that split in two after running a ground on Portsall Rocks, three miles (5 km) off the coast of Brittany (France), on March 16, 1978, resulting at that time in the largest oil spill ever, currently the fifth-largest in history (though this ranking may vary depending on criteria). This event also created a big political public stunt, where many environmental activists went into the shore with their boots and jackets, and pulling birds out of the oil, enabling them to breath. After this incident, heavy restriction came to ship cargo’s. *
1979: Three Mile Island
In 1979 was a partial core meltdown in Unit 2 (a pressurized water reactor )of the Three Mile Island Nuclear Generating Station in Dauphin County, Pennsylvania near Harrisburg. It was the most significant accident in the history of the American commercial nuclear power generating industry, resulting in the release of up to 481 PBq (13 million curies) of radioactive gases, but less than 740 GBq (20 curies) of the particularly dangerous iodine.* After this event, the high popularity of nuclear reactors have dropped at an instant ( tipping point ), and all the nuclear plants started to be cancelled one by one. It was the end of nuclear expansion on West.
1984: Bhopal, India
On December 3, 1984, a Union Carbide plant in Bhopal leaked 32 tons of toxic methyl isocyanate gas, leading to the Bhopal disaster. The official death toll of the disaster was about 5,000 initially. A more probable figure is that 18,000 died within two weeks, and it is estimated that an additional 8,000 have since died from gas related diseases. Greenpeace cites a total casualty figure of 20,000 as its conservative estimate. The Bhopal disaster is often cited as the world's worst industrial disaster. December 3 is observed as black day. Every year all government offices in Bhopal remain closed on this day.* This incident showed the best example that building a plant in a poor country with the rules of a rich country is not a good idea, while different concepts and mentalities exist. This event also proved the environmental racism and classism that Western countries were doing by building such plants away from themselves.
- I m not putting any pictures related to Bhopal disaster, while they are too dramatic and acrimonious in general sense.
One very popular disaster
1986: Chernobil, Ukraine
On April 26,1986, Reactor #4 at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant near the town of Pripyat, Ukraine, exploded. The explosion took place at around one in the morning while the neighboring town of Pripyat slept. Four workers were killed instantly. Thirty-six hours later, the residents of Pripyat were ordered to evacuate. The residents never returned, and the town remains uninhabited to this day.* The worst thing about this was that Russia didn’t inform other countries, yet other countries found it out themselves with the heavy radiation clusters coming from the air. In my opinion, this incident should have been announced in the first moment it happened.
Last one is
1988: Exxon Valdez
Exxon Valdez was the original name of an oil tanker owned by the former Exxon Shipping Company, a division of the former Exxon Corporation. The ship gained infamy after the March 24, 1989 oil spill in which the tanker spilled an estimated minimum 10.8 million US gallons (40.9 million liters) of crude oil. This has been recorded as one of the largest spills in United States history and one of the largest ecological disasters. The court case of the fisherman still continues today.*
All of these accidents had large impact on people’s lives, as well as determining the present and the future of environmental politics and movements. A lot has suffered, and a lot of people have learned from them.
About the author
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